for uo democracy summary

여기에 더 큰 투명성이나 책임에 대한 요구에 더하거나 대신하여, 망각하거나 드러내지 않는 긍정 형태의 시도 의지가 포함될 수 있습니까?

다른 경우 이러한 과제는 보다 간접적인 방향으로 발전했습니다.

때로는 포럼 주최 측 질문의 전제까지 포함하여 많은 대중적 논쟁 뒤의 전제에 의문을 제기하고 다른 방향의 연구를 제안하기도 합니다. During the course of the forum, participants from multiple disciplines and backgrounds and a range of countries (including Brazil, China, Japan, Qatar, South Korea, UK, and USA) explored these questions through specific contemporary and historical examples in which the relationships between democracy and truth appear at risk, are re-articulated, or arouse provocations. Equating companionship to trees makes the reader value nature and see it analogous to positive aspects of humanity. Are there non-cynical positions that scholars, activists, government officials, and citizens can adopt in defence of democracy? I found your ecofeminist analysis of Whitman very interesting. Giving rise to anxiety; (also) producing the characteristic physiological effects of anxiety, OED Word of the Day: brightsmith, n. A smith who makes articles (usually from iron, steel, or tin plate) that have a polished or shiny finished surface, OED Word of the Day: noodge, v. To pester, to nag at, OED Word of the Day: Kannywood, n. The Nigerian Hausa-language film industry, based in Kano; Kano regarded as the centre of this industry. 또 참가자들은 민주주의 방법론에 대해 활발한 교류를 진행했습니다.

Finally, organisers asked participants to consider the extent to which these questions break down or survive in the face of divergent historical, geographical, and cultural contexts. In the poem there are many water images because Whitman plants companionship along rivers and the shores of America’s great lakes. 민주주의와 진실에 대한 폭넓은 대화를 통해 그러한 차이를 존중할 수 있습니까? 학자, 활동가, 공무원 및 시민들이 민주주의를 지키기 위해 취할 수 있는 냉소적이지 않은 입장이 존재합니까? Also, I found it peculiar that Whitman believes in a marriage between nature and democracy but does not portray either of these as masculine in his poetry.

The conversation included contributions centred on: Wider theoretical conversations among participants also developed, addressing, for instance, the lost legal tradition of ‘reasonableness’ and its possible parallels to concepts like ‘good faith,’ or the productive role of postcolonial critique in destabilizing the parameters of any discussion about democracy and truth. Whitman believes in a marriage between nature and democracy of which he will serve.

Summary Report: The Community of Democracies’ Engagement in the World Forum for Democracy.

In the poem there are many water images because Whitman plants companionship along rivers and the shores of America’s great lakes.
위의 섹션에서 요약된 바와 같이, 이번 토론은 광범위하게 이뤄졌으며 여러 주제에 초점을 맞춰 진행되었습니다. Read preview Overview. 특히 포럼 주최 측은 민주주의 형성 과정에서 잠재적으로 발생할 수 있는 개인 및 집단의 선택적 망각 행위의 측면을 검토하기 위해 참가자들을 초청했습니다.

Organisers prompted a comparative consideration of the costs and benefits of imagining democracy as either rooted in or defended by truth.

mpls-cr as in and then post to your forum from time to time. 또한 참가자 간에 폭넓은 이론적 대화가 전개되었습니다. This parallels the resources nature supplies man to mature into a democracy., Copyright © 2020 Whitman’s poem encompasses the belief in “a kind of women’s spirituality in female biology and acculturation that is ‘comprised of the truths of naturalism and the holistic proclivities of women’ (25) said by Charlene Spretnak quoted in Ecocriticism. Conventional wisdom has long assumed that economic liberalization undermines repressive regimes. 포럼의 다른 측면에서는 진실을 지키기 위한 사실 관계 확인의 사용과 남용, 민주주의 참여의 상상적 기술, 사실에서 합의로의 이행 등과 같이 진실을 유보 상태로 두는 것에 대한 전략적 생산성을 평가했습니다. While reading the poem I was very surprised to see Whitman referring to both democracy and nature as a feminine entity.

Permanent Secretariat Not every society sees an inherent value in nature, as you have said, and not every society will view nature as a common ground to unite upon. Might these include – alongside or in place of calls for greater transparency or accountability – a willingness to experiment with positive forms of forgetting or not speaking out?

Wright “good nature writing” suggestions. The water images combined with Whitman’s use of “I” create, an image of prenatal thought or general planning of what… Whitman is very unrealistic, even romanticizing in many ways. the President of the Hellenic Republic, Ms. Katerina Sakellaropoulou..

The Meridian 180 forum on Democracy and Truth explored conceptions of ‘truth,’ from present-day historical narratives about democratic transition to growing concerns about denials of scientific facts and fears about diminishing accountability during perceived democratic crises. 또는 민주주의적 진실 추구의 확립된 수단 대신 새롭고 예측할 수 없는 결과를 취하는 것을 고려하는 개방성은 어떻습니까? Post was not sent - check your email addresses!
Recent events, however, suggest that savvy autocrats have learned how to cut the cord between growth and freedom, enjoying the benefits of the former without the risks of the latter. New York: Routledge, 2004. i find your argument of For You O Democracy by Whitman through an ecofeminist lens very interesting. 또한 참가자들에게 능동적인 기억과 망각(의도적이든 비의도적이든) 사이의 긴장이 개선되거나 악화될 수 있는 방안에 대한 토론을 제안했습니다. 끝으로, 주최 측은 참가자들에게 서로 다른 역사적, 지리적, 문화적 맥락에서 이러한 질문들이 어느 정도까지 의미를 잃거나 유효한지 고려할 것을 요청했습니다.

Other aspects of the forum evaluated the strategic productivity of sometimes holding truth in abeyance; the use and abuse of fact-checking as a defence of truth; imaginative technologies of democratic participation; and transitions from facts to consensus.

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4 Comments. Women are capable of nurturing their children, just like the earth, but women also partake in the dividing of people. 様々な種類の「真実」が民主主義を支え、その根底を揺るがし、課題を呈し、正当化しています。Meridian 180フォーラム「民主主義と真実」では、民主主義の変遷に関する現在の歴史的記述から、民主主義の危機が認識される中での科学的事実の否定に関する懸念の増大や説明責任能力の減退に対する恐れに至るまで、「真実」の概念を模索しました。, 本フォーラムの中核には、民主主義の必須手順としての、または民主主義の健全性の指標としての真実探求の範囲と限界を調査するという意図があります。特に、フォーラム主催者は、民主主義の形成において個々および集団の選択的忘却行為が繰り返される可能性を検討すべく参加者を招待しました。主催者は、真実に基づく民主主義または真実に守られる民主主義を想定し、その代償と利点を比較検討するよう促しました。また、有効な記憶がある場合とない場合(意図的であるか否かを問わず)との間に生じる緊張関係を、よい場合と悪い場合の双方について明らかにする方法を討議するよう参加者に提案しました。これには、民主的に真実を語る際の、記憶違いや詐欺行為のプラスの役割とマイナスの役割双方の探究が含まれました。, またフォーラム主催者は、民主主義の持続可能性やその活況に対する私たちの認識における、偽善的行為とその役割に関する理解についても取り組むことを期待しました。特に、民主主義を偽善的と捉える状況において主流となる先入観とはどのようなものなのかという点を考慮して、それにどのように対処すべきかを明確にするよう参加者に求めました。民主主義を守る上で、学者、活動家、政府役人、市民が採択できる「斜に構えずに正面から捉える」立場は存在するのでしょうか?それには、さらなる透明性または説明責任の向上の要求と共に、またはその代わりに、自ら進んで積極的に忘却し、発言しないことが含まれる可能性があるでしょうか?あるいは、新たな、予期せぬ結末を求める民主的な真実探求において、確立された手法の交換を積極的に受け入れる姿勢も含まれるのでしょうか?これには、事実探求についての私たち自身の多様な職業的習慣や、他者ができない(または、やらない)ような、物事を観察する能力や物事を明らかにする能力の蓄積に対する批判的な省察が含まれる可能性があります。, 最後に、主催者は参加者に、多種多様な歴史的、地理的、文化的背景を前にして、これらの問題を分析する範囲やその問題が存続する範囲を考察するよう求めました。「民主主義と真実」に関する幅広い対話において、そのような違いを尊重することは可能でしょうか?, フォーラムの過程において、多彩な専門分野や背景を有する、様々な国々(ブラジル、中国、日本、カタール、韓国、英国、米国など)からの参加者が、危機的状態のように見える、再定義された、または挑発的な民主主義と真実の関係の現在と過去の具体的な事例を通して、これらの課題を探究しました。, 参加者間での幅広い論理的対話が進められ、例えば、失われた司法的伝統である「妥当性」および「信義誠実」といったその同等となりうる概念、または民主主義と真実に関する議論の指標の安定性が損なわれている状況でのポストコロニアリズム批評の有益な役割、などについても取り上げました。また参加者は、民主主義の方法論や、他の研究事項に対する科学的方法論を無批判に認めることなどについて、活発に意見交換を行いました。他の研究事項については、フーコーによる「パレーシア(parrhesia)」または「包み隠さず話すこと(frank speech)」の発展および民主主義と真実のパラドクスの考察におけるその価値に関する熟考、ならびにラトゥールによる真実を語る際の防衛モードの評価についての考察が取り上げられました。本フォーラムのその他の分野では、時には真実を留保することの戦略的生産性、真実の防衛としての事実確認の活用および乱用、民主主義参加の独創的技術、事実から総意までの移行を評価しました。, 上記ポイントのセクションとして、広範かつ多様な点に注目した議論となりました。一部では、例えば、組織、政治家、メディアの説明責任を確保するための新たな方法の開発や支援など、民主主義と真実が直接的に対峙する脅威について多くの課題が提示されました。その他では、課題はより回りくどくなり、多くの公共討論の前提について疑問が呈され(フォーラム主催者の質問の前提も含まれることもありました)、別の方向への質問が提示される場面もありました。いずれの場合においても、本フォーラムでは少なくとも多様な方向に進む参加者グループに対して、例えば、歴史的な否定や見直し論の本質をさらに追及したり、ファシスト政権下における言論の自由に置かれた歴史的価値を研究したりするなど、研究に関する様々な視点をもたらしました。, フォーラム主催者は、今後の活発な交流を楽しみにしております。また、このMeridianフォーラムの実現にご尽力いただいた方を含む、すべての参加者の皆様に参加の意を表したいと思います。, “真相”多种多样,有的支持民主,有的破坏、挑战民主,有的则使民主变得正当合法。从当今关于民主转型的历史性叙述,到对否定科学事实的情况的日益关注,再到对感同身受的民主危机期间日趋削弱的责任感的担忧,Meridian 180“民主与真相”论坛对“真相”这一概念进行了广泛的探讨。, 寻求真相作为民主程序的必要部分或民主健康状态的衡量指标,本论坛根本目的在于检验寻求真相的维度和限度。论坛主办方特别邀请参与者考虑个人和集体的选择性遗忘行为在塑造民主过程中的潜在创成性。主办方引导参与者假定民主扎根于真相或为真相所捍卫,并对这两种情形的成本和效益进行比较性考量。主办方还建议参与者讨论主动记忆和不记忆(有意或无意)之间的紧张关系会如何展开,不论好坏。这包括探索错误记忆和欺骗在民主真相揭露中所起的积极作用和消极作用。, 论坛主办方还希望大家阐述对伪善的看法,以及这些看法在我们评价民主的可持续性或活力时所起的作用。特别是考虑到主流观点似乎认为民主是伪善的,我们请参与者阐明我们应如何回应这种观点。学者、积极分子、政府官员和公民在捍卫民主时可以采取哪些不愤世嫉俗的立场?这可能包括——除了呼吁提高透明度或增强责任感之外——是否愿意尝试主动遗忘或缄默不言?或者以开放的态度考虑将既定的寻求民主真相的措施换成新的、意想不到的结果?这可能包括对我们自身寻求真相的各种职业惯例进行批判性反思,或者培养一种他人不具备(或不希望)的发现或揭露能力。, 最后,主办方邀请参与者考虑在不同的历史、地理和文化背景下,这些问题的细分或存在范围。在更广泛的民主和真相讨论中,这些差异会得到尊重吗?, 论坛期间,来自多个学科和背景以及各个国家(包括巴西、中国、日本、卡塔尔、韩国、英国和美国)的参与者借用当代和历史具体案例探讨了这些问题。在这些案例中,民主和真相之间的关系或者存在风险,或者被重新联系起来,或者引起了挑衅。, 参与者还展开了更广泛的理论对话,例如,阐述了已消失的“合理性”法律传统及其与“诚信”等概念并存的可能性,或者是后殖民批判主义在动摇民主真相讨论要素方面的有效作用。参与者还热烈交流了民主方法论、科学方法相对于其他研究重点的非批判性优势;对 Foucault 安排的“讲真话”或“坦诚发言”及其就民主与真相悖论而言的价值的思考;以及对 Latour 关于讲真话防御模式的评估的思考。论坛还评价了部分情况下搁置真相的战略生产力;为捍卫真相而使用和滥用事实核查的行为;创造性的民主参与技术;以及事实向共识的过渡。, 正如上文强调的一样,这是一个广泛和多重点的讨论。对一些人而言,挑战更多的是直接面对民主和真相受到的威胁,例如通过设计或支持新的方式向机构、政客和媒体追责。对于另一些人而言,挑战则更加迂回,它质疑大部分公开辩论背后的前提 — 有时甚至包括论坛主办方的“问题”这一前提 — 并提出其他方面的询问。无论如何,本论坛展开了多重研究,其中至少有一部分的贡献因素扔然在以不同方式继续发挥作用,例如进一步探索历史否定或修正主义的性质,或调查法西斯政权下的言论自由的历史价值。, 论坛主办方希望未来更多交流,并感谢所有参与者,包括那些确保 Meridian 会谈顺利进行的幕后工作者。. Whitman is very idealistic about nature’s ability to unite people from different societies because nature itself has never united people from different societies. 포럼의 진행 과정에서 여러 분야와 배경을 가진 다양한 국가(브라질, 중국, 일본, 카타르, 한국, 영국, 미국 등)의 참가자들은 민주주의와 진실 사이의 관계가 위험에 처하거나, 재구성되거나, 자극을 일으킨 구체적인 동시대 및 역사적 사례를 통해 이러한 질문들을 탐구했습니다. He believes that democracy will make the “continent indissoluble” and give birth to the “most splendid race the sun ever shone upon”.

Some cities are valued greater than other so it will be difficult to create “inseparable cities with their arms about each other’s necks”. 여기에는 진실 추구에 있어 우리 자신의 다양한 직업적 관례 또는 다른 이들이 할 수 없거나 하지 않는 것을 보거나 밝혀내도록 개발된 능력에 대한 비판적 반영이 포함될 수 있습니다. Garrard, Greg. The male figure of the marriage would be democracy, with men being associated with culture; the symbiotic relationship would support Whitman’s belief of the two being connected. Various kinds of ‘truth’ can shore up, undermine, challenge, or legitimate democracy.

어떤 경우에든 이번 포럼에서는 적어도 일부 토론자 집단이 다양한 방법으로 계속 진행하고 있는 여러 연구의 실마리를 볼 수 있었습니다.

Encouraging Adherence to the Warsaw Declaration, Encouraging Adherence to Warsaw Declaration. For others, the challenge became more circuitous, questioning the premise behind much of the public debate – sometimes even including the premise of the forum organisers’ questions – and proposing inquiries in other directions.

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