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(NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research/AP) President Trump announced Friday that he will remove protections on the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument, a … Marine national monuments are designated by presidential proclamation under the Antiquities Act of 1906, which authorizes the president to establish national monuments on federal lands that contain "historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific interest." It was designed by Horace Environmentalists sued the Trump administration on Wednesday over the president's decision to allow commercial fishing in a protected marine monument designated by … The order would allow fishing to resume in the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument while canceling a planned phase-out … and includes some of the deepest known areas on Earth. The other is Jarvis Island, a part of the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument. On Sept. 15, 2016, President Barack Obama established the first national marine monument in the Atlantic. (Photo: Kydd Pollock), Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument, The Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument. The main difference between national marine sanctuaries and marine national monuments is the designation process and the laws under which they are established. It encompasses 582,578 square miles of the Pacific Ocean (1,508,870 square kilometers) – an area larger than all the country’s national parks combined. The Seamount marine monument, created by President Obama in 2016, sprawls over nearly 5,000 square miles of the Atlantic, about 130 miles off the coast of Cape Cod. The problem began earlier, however, in 2006 when President George W. Bush designated the first “ocean monument”: the 89-million-acre Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, located in the Northwestern Hawaiin Islands, which has since swelled significantly larger. The monument protects millions of seabirds, endemic plants and animals, shallow- and deep-water coral reefs and more. Established by President George W. Bush in 2006, the sanctuary was expanded by President Obama in 2016 to encompass a chain of islands, atolls, and reefs extending across 583,000 mi 2 northwest of Hawaii. https://earthjustice.org/features/explainer-marine-national-monument Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument is one of only 50 marine World Heritage sites. The monument is renowned for its biodiversity, including deep-sea coral communities and concentrations of marine wildlife. It encompasses 582,578 square miles of the Pacific Ocean (1,508,870 square kilometers) - an area larger than all the country's national parks combined. The Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument was established on September 15, 2016 and encompasses 4,913 square miles of ocean off the coast of New England. Lobstermen’s Association v. The national monument offers solitude and opportunities to experience the woods, rivers, trails, and scenic vistas. The crescent-shaped Mariana Trench is the “Grand Canyon” of the ocean (actually, the Trench is much larger!) Fish and Wildlife Service) and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) Government, in cooperation with the Department of Defense and the Department of State.Monument designation provides international, national, and local recognition that the Marianas is a refuge for seabi… Sept. 15, 2016 President Obama establishesthe Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument in the … The Mariana Trench is recognized by the international scientific community as the oldest place geologically on the ocean floor. The first and only mixed (natural and cultural) World Heritage site in the United States, it includes two national wildlife refuges, plus the Battle of Midway National Memorial and the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Coral Reef Ecosystem Reserve. This revolutionary act authorizes the president to protect public lands without having to go through Congress. The other wildlife refuge in the national monument is Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge. The monument protects 12 seabird species, 140 coral species, 270 fish species and important green sea turtle nesting habitat. The network includes a system of 14 national marine sanctuaries and Papahānaumokuākea and Rose Atoll marine national monuments. Are managed by NOAA or Congress and are managed by NOAA or Congress and are managed by NOAA using National... The Canyons Unit has four undersea mountains, and the Canyons Unit has four undersea mountains, and citizen,... 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